Higher Education Enrolment Surpasses 4 Crore Mark
- On February 1, 2023
Higher education is a crucial aspect of personal and national development. With the rise in the number of colleges and universities in India, enrolment in higher education has also increased.
The enrolment in higher education has reached an all-time high of 4.14 crore, crossing the four crore mark for the first time in India's history.
The All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) data released by the Government of India has reported a whopping 7.5% increase in student enrolment in higher studies in 2020-21 compared to 2019-20. UP, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, MP, Karnataka and Rajasthan are the top six states regarding the number of students enrolled.
The enrolment in higher education has reached an all-time high of 4.14 crore, crossing the four crore mark for the first time in India's history. AISHE is an annual publication by the MoE, Government of India which provides comprehensive information on various aspects of higher education in the country, such as enrolment, teachers, infrastructure, etc.
Factors Attributed to Increase in Enrollments
1. Increased Access to Education
The Indian government has taken several initiatives to improve access to education, including establishing new colleges and universities. According to the AISHE report 2021, there has been a 70% increase in the number of universities and a 1,453% increase in the number of colleges in 2020-21 compared to 2019-20.
2. The rise in the Number of Private Institutions
The growth of private institutions has also contributed to the increase in higher study enrollment. AISHE reported that private institutions account for approximately 62% of total higher educational institutions in the country. The increasing popularity of private institutions has also led to increased competition among institutions, which has improved the quality of education they offer.
3. Increase in the Number of Scholarships
The number of scholarships offered by the government and private organizations has increased, making it easier for students from economically weaker sections to pursue higher education. According to the Ministry of Education, the number of scholarships provided by the government to students increased by 10% in 2020-21 compared to the previous year.
4. Stern Focus on Skill Development
To meet the demand for skilled workers, the Indian government has increased its focus on skill development. This has led to an increase in the enrollment of students in vocational and technical courses, with AISHE reporting a 10.3% increase in the number of students enrolled in vocational courses in 2020-21 compared to the previous year.
Some Key Statistics
- The total enrolment in higher education in 2020-21 was 37.4 million, a 7.5% increase from the previous year.
- The number of universities increased by 70, and the number of colleges increased by 1,453 in 2020-21 compared to 2019-20.
- In 2020-21, the Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in higher education was 26.3%, an increase from 25.8% in 2019-20.
- The number of students enrolled in private institutions increased by 8.9% in 2020-21 compared to the previous year.
Impact of Increased Enrolment
- The increase in student enrolment in higher studies is expected to impact the economy positively. A larger pool of educated individuals will increase the number of skilled workers, thereby boosting the economy.
- Improved employment prospects: Higher education provides individuals with the skills and knowledge necessary to succeed in the job market. With a higher enrollment in higher education, the employment prospects of individuals are expected to improve.
- Increased innovation: Higher education encourages innovation and creativity. With a larger pool of educated individuals, the country will likely see an increase in innovation and new ideas.
The increase in student enrolment in higher studies in India is a positive development and a milestone in the country's education system. However, quality education needs to be ensured going forward. The government and private institutions must work together to provide students with the best education possible.
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